Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana. He was a visionary, and influential Ghanaian politician who led Gold Coast now Ghana into independence from the British colony in 6th March 1957. He contributed immensely together with other leaders into bringing on board Pan-Africanism and a founding member of the Organization of African Unity. Nkrumah was the 3rd chairperson of Organization of African Unity. He won Lenin Peace Prize in 1962.

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He was born at Nkroful, in the Western Region of Ghana on the 21st day of September 1909 to Opanyin Kofi Nwiana Ngolomah and Elizabeth Nyanibah. Traditionally, the name Nkrumah was given to the ninth child and it is believed he was the ninth child of his polygamous father and the only child of his mother. The parent of Nkrumah originally named him as Francis Nwia Kofi. Nkrumah, however, in 1945 during his studies in the United States changed his name to Kwame Nkrumah because he was born on Saturday. Nkrumah’s father was a goldsmith at Tarkwa-Nsuaem who never lived with him but lived with his mother and some of his extended family members. The father of Nkrumah came from Nkroful and belonged to Akan tribe of the Asona clan and was a goldsmith. Nkrumah’s mother came from Nsuem and belonged to the Agona family, was a fishmonger and petty trader.

For some years the actual sponsor of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s education abroad remained a mystery except that we know he worked to support his education at some point but didn’t know of the original sponsor.

An application form for higher national degree students at the London School of Economics and Political Science sighted by straightnewsonline indicates that one Nana Ackah Watson sponsored Nkrumah to pursue his education abroad. Although little is known about this businessman, the form Nkrumah filled indicates “C/O J.A.Watson, Tarkwa, Gold Coast,” as his home address.


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