Britain has endured among the hardest lockdown restrictions on the earth — however has nonetheless suffered the fourth highest loss of life toll of the pandemic, information confirmed right this moment.

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Oxford College researchers ranked the UK’s curbs on every day life the sixth harshest out of 180 nations, after bearing in mind faculty and workplace closures, bans on social gatherings, worldwide journey restrictions and orders to not go away the house.

Solely the Republic of Eire was discovered to have more durable restrictions in Europe. Though its curbs are broadly just like England’s, the nation has additionally stopped building work and click-and-collect purchasing. Germany, the US and France all had much less stringent curbs on every day life. 

However when nations had been ranked by Covid deaths per million folks, the UK had suffered the fourth highest loss of life toll, in response to separate figures from OurWorldInData, regardless of having stricter measures than Belgium, Slovenia and the Czech Republic — the one nations the place extra folks died of the virus.

It had additionally suffered the very best fatality price from the virus out of the highest 10 nations with the harshest restrictions, though this can be as a result of the lockdown grew to become stricter solely after instances had surged.

The UK might have suffered extra fatalities than different nations due to the speedy unfold of the extra infectious Kent variant, and after tens of 1000’s died within the darkest days of the primary wave when probably contaminated sufferers had been discharged to care properties. Delays in taking motion and variations in how the information was compiled between nations might might also clarify the variations.

The information doesn’t present that lockdowns don’t work as a result of an absence of any restrictions, scientists estimate, would have killed tens of 1000’s extra folks.

The evaluation comes after Boris Johnson yesterday unveiled his ‘cautious’ lockdown exit technique which might see life in England return to one thing near regular by June on the earliest. The PM’s plan for alleviating restrictions will probably be break up into 4 separate steps and can see the nation handled as an entire, with no return to a tier system.

Beneath the primary stage, faculties in England will reopen from March 8 — although the following stage of loosening will not be till March 29, when the formal Keep at Residence edict is lastly dropped. Outlets, hairdressers and pubs should stay closed till April 12 on the earliest and worldwide journey is totally off the playing cards till a minimum of Might 17.  

This map shows how lockdown rules differed between countries on February 17, with darker colours indicating harsher rules. Light blue shows a score up to 39.9 out of 100 - the least oppressive measures -, and dark blue shows from 40 to 59.9. Black shows between 60 and 69.9, purple shows between 70 to 79.9. The harshest rules are indicated by pink and red, showing countries scoring more than 80 in the analysis

This map exhibits how lockdown guidelines differed between nations on February 17, with darker colors indicating harsher guidelines. Gentle blue exhibits a rating as much as 39.9 out of 100 – the least oppressive measures -, and darkish blue exhibits from 40 to 59.9. Black exhibits between 60 and 69.9, purple exhibits between 70 to 79.9. The harshest guidelines are indicated by pink and purple, displaying nations scoring greater than 80 within the evaluation


Covid deaths (per 100,000)




























277 (2.4)

7 (0.2)

4,036 (82.3)

3,933 (41)

4,152 (60.6)

118,933 (178.4)

44,056 (137.7)

279 (13.2)

1,297 (4.5)

1,418 (9.8)


66,732 (80.4)

500,000 (152.3)

82,705 (123.5) 

Supply: Calculated by the College of Oxford’s Coronavirus Response Tracker. It’s for restrictions as of February 17, the most recent obtainable. 

The Oxford College tracker on restrictions scored every nation on a scale of 1 to 100, with the upper determine indicating essentially the most extreme virus-controlling curbs.

The staff put Britain’s Covid restrictions at 86.11 out of 100 by February 17, utilizing the most recent obtainable information. Britain’s lockdown was ranked harsher than France (63.89) and the US (68.06), and stricter than Germany’s (83.33).

Worldwide, Cuba (90.74), Eritrea (89.81), Honduras (87.96) and Lebanon (87.04) additionally had more durable measures, and Peru had the identical rating because the UK

Britain’s lockdown was ratcheted up over Christmas with the invention of the Kent variant, which is believed to unfold considerably sooner than older variations of the virus. 

The variant – which was first detected within the UK and now makes up a majority of instances there – made controls that had labored in opposition to the outdated virus much less efficient, forcing ministers to impose tighter curbs.

The Blavatnik Faculty at Oxford College compiled the response tracker to match shutdown measures imposed in several nations.

They used 19 indicators for the scores – which additionally included closing public transport, restrictions on inner motion and earnings assist.

Restrictions had been put into classes and every was given a quantity on a scale relying on how strict it was, then these had been entered into a fancy mathematical equation to provide a complete rating out of 100, with stricter guidelines producing increased numbers.

Knowledge on restrictions is collected from public sources by a staff of greater than 100 college students and employees at Oxford College.

The undertaking’s lead researcher Thomas Hale instructed the Telegraph the UK’s present excessive rating was triggered by faculty closures. 

‘The UK has carried out so much on this third lockdown and launched some stringent measures,’ he stated.

‘One of many major elements is the college closures, whereas most of Europe have tried to maintain faculties open.

‘It could make sense for the UK to have the next rating because it has been exhausting hit and there have been stringent measures. 

‘Should you take France, they’ve tried to make issues work with a curfew moderately than a blanket stay-at-home message.

‘The French even have a wider definition of what’s important and no restrictions on with the ability to transfer round, whereas you clearly can’t go to different components of the nation right here.’ 





Czech Republic




Bosnia, Herzegovina


United States


Demise toll per million











Supply: figures had been used for this desk to point out the loss of life price from coronavirus per million folks. This desk excludes San Marino due to its small inhabitants

It comes after the PM yesterday unveiled his four-step roadmap to easing lockdown. 

Scotland and Wales yesterday allowed youngsters as much as the age of eight to return to highschool, and England is ready to carry all pupils again to the classroom on March 8.

Saying his blueprint again to normality, the Prime Minister warned they’d be led by the ‘information not dates’, however that he hopes to loosen up restrictions in five-week levels. 

Mr Johnson’s plan will probably be break up into 4 separate steps and can see the nation handled as an entire, with no return to a tier system

The loosening of England’s third nationwide lockdown, imposed amid a winter outbreak of coronavirus in January, will start on March 8 when all faculties throughout the nation will return.

A unique algorithm are then as a consequence of be lifted each 5 weeks to permit 4 weeks to measure the affect of modifications and to present an extra week’s discover earlier than the following step comes into power.

Nonetheless, the Authorities has careworn that dates might change relying on the dimensions of the coronavirus outbreak.

In his assertion to the Commons, Mr Johnson stated there are 4 exams for reopening the nation: the success of the vaccine roll-out, proof that Covid jabs are lowering hospitalisations, an infection charges not placing ‘unsustainable strain’ on the NHS, and whether or not the dangers are ‘essentially modified’ by new variants.

The modifications should be gradual, Mr Johnson stated, as a result of a 3rd wave of the virus is inevitable and it should be managed as a result of vaccines aren’t good.

Talking from a Downing Avenue press convention final evening Mr Johnson stated: ‘We’re now travelling on a one-way street to freedom and we are able to start safely to restart our lives, and do it with confidence.

‘And I need to be frank about precisely what which means and the trade-offs concerned.

The vaccines scale back the hazard of Covid, they save lives and so they preserve folks out of hospital. However no vaccine in opposition to any illness has ever been 100 per cent efficient.   

‘So, at any time when we ease the lockdown – whether or not it’s right this moment or in six or 9 months – we’ve obtained to be reasonable and settle for that there will probably be extra infections, extra hospitalisations and subsequently, sadly, extra deaths, simply as there are yearly with flu.

‘Even when we sustained the lockdown indefinitely, which might itself price lives and do immeasurable hurt to our youngsters, we’d not have the ability to eradicate this illness.

‘And that’s why it’s proper, regularly, to switch the safety afforded by lockdown, with the safety of the vaccines. And our strategy is to maneuver with the utmost care.’

Boris slaps down Neil Ferguson and Tories pushing for an earlier finish to lockdown 

Boris Johnson right this moment hit again at Tories and scientists suggesting lockdown might ease sooner – as Wales and Scotland warned his roadmap is perhaps too fast.

The PM stated he was being ‘wise and prudent’ along with his four-stage plan after assaults on the strategy from each side.

‘Some folks will say we will be going too quick, some folks will say we’re going too sluggish,’ he stated on a go to to a faculty in South London.

Mr Johnson refused to ensure that each one restrictions will certainly be lifted by June 21 as scheduled, however insisted he was ‘hopeful’ it may possibly occur.

The intervention got here after Matt Hancock slapped down Professor Neil Ferguson for suggesting the federal government’s blueprint for England may very well be sped up if issues go properly.

Tories and enterprise have been voicing disquiet concerning the ultra-cautious strategy being taken by ministers, despite the fact that the vaccination drive has been surging forward.

Faculties will return on March 8, however there will probably be virtually no additional loosening of the draconian curbs earlier than Easter. There will probably be a 5 week hole between every of the 4 major levels of the plan, with scientists having gained the argument in authorities that point is required to evaluate the affect.

The PM has been boosted by snap polls displaying the general public largely backs his stance, with 46 per cent telling YouGov it’s about proper – and round a fifth suggesting it’s too quick.

Welsh authorities specialists stated right this moment that Mr Johnson’s timeline is ‘dangerous’ and the outbreak might spiral uncontrolled once more, whereas Nicola Sturgeon is anticipated to unveil her personal extra cautious exit technique this afternoon.

Prof Ferguson – whose grim modelling triggered the preliminary lockdown final yr – sounded a vivid observe on Instances Radio final evening.

‘Hopefully what we’ll see when every step occurs is a really restricted resurgence of infections. Wherein case, there’s an opportunity we are able to speed up the schedule,’ he stated.

Boris Johnson’s lockdown exit technique in full: All faculties again on March 8, two households assembly outdoor from March 29, non-essential outlets, pubs and hairdressers open from April 12 and again to regular on June 21

Prime Minister Boris Johnson yesterday unveiled his ‘cautious’ lockdown exit technique which might see life in England return to one thing near regular by June on the earliest. 

Mr Johnson’s plan for alleviating restrictions will probably be break up into 4 separate steps and can see the nation handled as an entire, with no return to a tier system. 

The loosening of England’s third nationwide lockdown, imposed amid a winter outbreak of coronavirus in January, will start on March 8 when all faculties throughout the nation will return. 

Guidelines are then as a consequence of be lifted each 5 weeks to permit 4 weeks to measure the affect of modifications and to present an extra week’s discover earlier than the following step comes into power.

Nonetheless, the Authorities has careworn that the dates set out within the roadmap are ‘not earlier than dates’ and that they may change relying on the dimensions of the coronavirus outbreak. 

In his assertion to the Commons, Mr Johnson stated there are 4 exams for reopening the nation: the success of the vaccine roll-out, proof that Covid jabs are lowering hospitalisations, an infection charges not placing ‘unsustainable strain’ on the NHS, and whether or not the dangers are ‘essentially modified’ by new variants.  

Under is a breakdown of the measures outlined in every step:  

In his statement to the Commons, Mr Johnson explained there are four tests for reopening the country

In his assertion to the Commons, Mr Johnson defined there are 4 exams for reopening the nation

Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty, Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Chief Scientific Adviser Sir Patrick Vallance

Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty, Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Chief Scientific Adviser Sir Patrick Vallance

Step One Half One: March 8

SCHOOLS: From March 8, all pupils and college students will return to varsities and schools throughout England. 

College college students who require sensible instructing to finish their research may even be allowed to return., those that don’t want sensible instructing will nonetheless be banned from campuses with ministers as a consequence of conduct a assessment by the tip of the Easter holidays on the choices for his or her return.

So-called wrap-around childcare (together with childminders) may even be allowed to renew for all youngsters the place it’s wanted to allow mother and father or carers to work, search work, attend training, search medical care or attend a assist group.  

Weak youngsters can attend these settings no matter circumstance. Beneath-18 sport can happen at college as a part of academic provision, or as a part of wraparound care, however mustn’t in any other case happen at the moment. 

In its roadmap, the Authorities referred to as returning face-to-face training in faculties and schools a ‘nationwide precedence’.  It additionally stated there was ‘clear proof’ that ‘day trip of training will be detrimental to youngsters’s future prospects and incomes potential, with implications additionally for long-term productiveness’. 

The Authorities additionally recommends that using face coverings in Greater Training, Additional Training and secondary faculties is prolonged for a restricted interval to all indoor environments – together with school rooms – until 2m social distancing will be maintained.  

CARE HOMES: In the meantime, each care dwelling resident in England will have the ability to nominate a single named customer who can are available in for an everyday go to. 

The customer should take a speedy lateral movement take a look at each time they go to, put on PPE and preserve bodily contact to a minimal.  

The Authorities’s keep at dwelling order will stay in place, with journey for non-essential functions nonetheless banned. 

OTHER: Individuals will probably be allowed to satisfy one different particular person outdoors for recreation, for instance, to have a picnic or to satisfy for espresso. 

Year 8 pupils at Moor End Academy in Huddersfield, Northern England in September 2020

12 months 8 pupils at Moor Finish Academy in Huddersfield, Northern England in September 2020

Step One Half Two: March 29 

OUTDOOR GATHERINGS AND SPORTS: From March 29, outside gatherings of as much as six folks or a bigger group from as much as two households will probably be allowed in non-public gardens in addition to public areas like parks. 

The Authorities states: ‘Making use of both restrict supplies larger flexibility, recognising the totally different conditions confronted by households and people; two households will probably be extra useful for households, whereas the Rule of Six is probably going to assist folks in several households to reunite outdoor, together with these residing alone or in shared lodging. 

‘These eligible to kind a assist bubble will nonetheless have the opportunity to take action, enabling shut contact for a lot of of these in most want of assist, and can proceed to be counted as a part of the identical family.’ 

Outside sports activities amenities to reopen, resembling tennis and basketball courts, and swimming swimming pools, may even ber permitted, broadening the choices for outside train and recreation. 

These amenities can be utilized by folks in step with the broader social contact limits. Formally organised outside sports activities – for adults and beneath 18s – may restart and won’t be topic to the gatherings limits, however ought to be compliant with steering issued by nationwide governing our bodies.

STAY AT HOME TO BE SCRAPPED: It’s at this level that the Authorities’s keep at dwelling steering will finish, to get replaced by ministers encouraging folks to ‘keep native’. 

Nonetheless, the Authorities is just not anticipated to outline precisely what constitutes native, as an alternative selecting to depend on folks utilizing their widespread sense to determine on journeys. 

Its roadmap additionally states: ‘Most of the lockdown restrictions, nevertheless, will stay in place. Until an exemption already applies, it won’t be doable to satisfy folks from different households indoors and lots of enterprise premises will stay shut. 

‘Steering will set out that folks ought to proceed to work at home the place they’ll. Individuals ought to proceed to minimise journey wherever doable, and shouldn’t be staying away from dwelling in a single day at this stage.’

WORK FROM HOME: Individuals will nonetheless be instructed to work at home wherever doable whereas worldwide journey will nonetheless be banned until it’s for important functions. 

As earlier than, folks can go away dwelling for work if they can not work at home and to flee sickness, harm or danger of hurt, together with home abuse. 

ELECTIONS: The roadmap explains that Covid-secure council, mayoral and police and crime commissioner elections will go forward on Might 6 in England and Wales.

The Authorities plans to amend the coronavirus laws ‘to allow a broader vary of campaign-related exercise from March 8, however it’s important that this nonetheless takes place in a Covid-Safe method, in step with steering and the legislation’. 

The Scottish and Welsh Governments are chargeable for their elections excluding the Police and Crime Commissioner Elections in Wales.  

The Authorities’s ‘socio-economic evaluation’ of Step 1: How training and bodily and psychological well being have all deteriorated throughout the coronavirus lockdowns


The Authorities’s roadmap admits that college closures and restrictions on face-to-face training has had ‘important and antagonistic impacts on youngsters’s studying, growth and psychological well being’.  

By February 2021 half time period, research recommend the entire loss in face-to-face studying might quantity to round half a college yr, with two thirds of a traditional yr misplaced if faculty reopening had been to be delayed to after Easter. 

The roadmap states that in addition to benefiting college students instantly, mother and father will not must steadiness childcare and dealing from dwelling: ‘Round 53 per cent of oldsters report a diminished capacity to work on account of faculty closures; that is extra acutely felt by mother and father of early years and first aged youngsters.’


Sports activities, amusement and leisure actions had been value an estimated £12.8billion within the UK in 2019 (£11billion in England), offering round 565,000 jobs (484,000 in England), the roadmap says.

The Authorities believes that the easing of measures might allow a few of these actions to return and reap the benefits of the spring/summer season season and get better misplaced revenues. 

These companies are notably essential employers for younger folks, with 37 per cent of their workforce between 16 to 24 years outdated (in comparison with a nationwide common of 11 per cent), the Authorities added.


The roadmap admits that lockdowns have had a large impact on the bodily and psychological well being of ‘giant components of the inhabitants, particularly youngsters and people residing alone’.

The Authorities believes that opening outside sports activities settings will ‘scale back people’ danger of main sicknesses, resembling coronary heart illness, stroke, sort 2 diabetes and most cancers by as much as 50 per cent and decrease danger of early loss of life by as much as 30 per cent’.

Bodily exercise can be recognized to assist with bettering psychological well being by way of higher sleep, happier moods, and managing stress, anxiousness or intrusive and ‘racing’ ideas, the roadmap added.

It additionally recorded how restrictions on socialising have had an antagonistic affect on folks’s wellbeing and psychological well being with practically half of adults (49 per cent) reporting boredom, loneliness, anxiousness or stress arising as a result of pandemic.

Customers dine in Soho in London, Britain, December 15, 2020

Prospects dine in Soho in London, Britain, December 15, 2020

Step Two: ‘No sooner than’ April 12 

The Authorities’s roadmap explains that Step Two will happen no sooner than April 12, round 4 weeks after Step One has been carried out.

The doc states that Step Two will reopen some sections of our indoor economic system and extra outside settings, restoring jobs and livelihoods and enabling folks to entry some actions and companies. 

Nonetheless, social contact guidelines in England won’t change additional at this level and outside gatherings should nonetheless be restricted to 6 folks or two households as in Step One.

Nonetheless, if Step Two is delayed, ‘subsequent steps will should be pushed again with a view to preserve the required 5 week interval to evaluate the affect of every step and supply discover’.

HAIRDRESSERS AND NON-ESSENTIAL HOSPITALITY: Non-essential retail will reopen no sooner than April 12 in addition to private care companies like hairdressers, barbers and nail salons. 

Public buildings like libraries, museums and artwork galleries will probably be allowed to welcome again prospects. 

In the meantime, hospitality venues and outside sights like theme parks will probably be given the inexperienced mild to reopen in some kind. 

Nonetheless, there’ll nonetheless be guidelines on family mixing: Primarily any exercise which entails being indoors will probably be restricted to members of the identical family. 

GYMS AND LEISURE: Gyms and swimming swimming pools may even reopen from on the earliest April 12 however solely on the premise that folks go on their very own or with members of their very own family. 

PUBS AND RESTAURANTS: Pubs and eating places will have the ability to reopen from April 12 on the earliest, however at this level they are going to solely have the ability to have prospects outdoor. 

Any visits to a pub or restaurant should adjust to the principles on social contact, so not more than two households or the rule of six.

The Authorities won’t be bringing again the outdated requirement for folks to order a considerable meal with alcohol whereas the outdated 10pm curfew may even be ditched.

All prospects at hospitality venues should be seated after they order meals or drink, with ordering on the bar prohibited.

CAMPSITES AND HOLIDAYS: Campsites and vacation lets the place indoor amenities will not be shared with different households may reopen however journeys should be restricted to a single family. 

WEDDINGS AND FUNERALS: Funerals will probably be allowed to proceed with as much as 30 folks, whereas the principles on marriage ceremony receptions will probably be eased to permit the variety of company to extend from six to fifteen. 

LARGE CROWDS: The Authorities may even launch pilot programmes in April to see how occasions with giant crowds and diminished social distancing might work.

INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL: A brand new process power the way to enhance inbound and outbound worldwide journey, whereas additionally defending in opposition to importing coronavirus variants, will report on April 12. 

The expectation is that worldwide journey won’t resume till Might 17 on the very earliest.   

Face coverings are worn by bride to be Jessica Letheren and bridal consultant Felicity Gray during a dress fitting appointment at Allison Jayne Bridalwear in Clifton, Bristol, on June 25, 2020

Face coverings are worn by bride to be Jessica Letheren and bridal marketing consultant Felicity Grey throughout a gown becoming appointment at Allison Jayne Bridalwear in Clifton, Bristol, on June 25, 2020

The Authorities’s ‘socio-economic evaluation of Step Two’: How lockdowns have devastated UK plc


The roadmap states that the closure of non-essential retail throughout the pandemic – estimated to be value £44.6billion of Gross Worth Added (GVA) within the UK in 2019, using round 1.2 million folks. – has led to a excessive take-up of the furlough scheme within the wider wholesale and retail sector.

Use of furlough peaked at 1.9 million in April, and 740,000 on the finish of November within the UK. 

Individuals from ethnic minorities are overrepresented on this sector, making up 16 per cent of staff, as are younger folks (35 per cent are 16 to 24). Ladies additionally make up a larger proportion of staff (66 per cent in comparison with 47 per cent nationally). 


Hospitality is a core a part of the UK’s economic system, the roadmap states. The entire Lodging and Meals Providers sector was estimated to be value £57.6billion within the UK 2019 (£48.5billion in England), offering jobs for two.5 million folks (2.1 million in England). 

This sector has been one of many hardest hit by the pandemic: GVA output fell by 91 per cent in April and 89 per cent in Might 2020, in comparison with February 2020. 

The November restrictions additionally hit the hospitality sector exhausting, with GVA falling again to 65 per cent beneath its pre-pandemic degree. 

This sector has additionally had giant components of its workforce on furlough: within the first wave 1.6 million jobs had been furloughed at its peak; on the finish of November 1.1 million jobs on this sector had been on furlough. 

Between 25 January and seven February, 62 per cent of companies in lodging and meals companies had paused buying and selling.


Private care actions accounted for £21.1billion within the UK in 2019 (£18.9billion in England), offering 566,000 jobs (507,000 in England). 

Ladies are considerably overrepresented on this sector, making up 85 per cent of the workforce. 

The Authorities has admitted in its doc that public buildings and areas ‘play an important position within the financial and social lifetime of communities’. 

The roadmap additionally states: ‘Libraries, and different neighborhood centres, are precious and protected locations, usually to essentially the most weak teams in society. 

‘They supply each companies to native communities and areas to socialize. All public areas have essential advantages that assist create native attachments and sense of belonging to a neighborhood.’

Women pose for a photo at an outdoor dining area on Northcote Road in Battersea, London on September 13, 2020

Ladies pose for a photograph at an out of doors eating space on Northcote Street in Battersea, London on September 13, 2020

Step Three: ‘No sooner than’ Might 17

Once more, Step Three will happen no sooner than 17 Might, and a minimum of 5 weeks after Step Two, following an extra assessment of the information and the 4 exams. 

Once more, the Authorities will announce one week prematurely whether or not restrictions will probably be eased as deliberate. 

In Step Three, all however essentially the most high-risk sectors will have the ability to reopen. In all sectors, Covid-secure steering will stay in place and premises should not cater for teams bigger than the authorized limits, the roadmap states.

TWO HOMES AND RULE OF SIX: The 2 family and rule of six necessities for outside gatherings will probably be ditched however gatherings of greater than 30 folks in locations like parks will nonetheless be unlawful. 

Crucially, mixing indoors will probably be allowed once more. The rule of six or a bigger group from as much as two households will probably be allowed to satisfy. 

Nonetheless, this will probably be saved beneath assessment by ministers to see if guidelines may very well be relaxed nonetheless additional. 

PUBS AND RESTAURANTS: That is additionally the purpose at which pubs and eating places and different hospitality venues will have the ability to open indoors, with the rule of six and two family restrict in place. Bigger teams will have the ability to meet outdoor at a pub.    

Leisure venues like cinemas and youngsters’s play areas will have the ability to reopen, as will resorts and B&Bs. Indoor grownup sports activities teams and train courses may reopen.

The Authorities’s ‘socio-economic evaluation’ of Step Three: How arts and leisure have been decimated by the lockdowns


The Authorities’s roadmap admits that the arts, leisure and recreation sector (excluding sports activities, amusement and recreation) has been hit very exhausting by the pandemic. 

Pre-Covid-19, this sector was value £18.3billion GVA UK large (£15.5billion in England) and had 473,000 jobs (400,000 in England). 

GVA output within the arts, leisure and recreation sector as an entire in comparison with February fell by 46 per cent in April, and subsequently to 33 per cent in November; in no month since March has output been above 77 per cent of pre-pandemic ranges. 

The sector as an entire has additionally had a excessive take-up of the furlough scheme, with 455,000 furloughed at peak in spring, and 293,000 furloughed on the finish of November. 

Between 25 January and seven February, 44 per cent of companies within the arts, leisure and recreation sector have paused buying and selling. 

Reopening these sectors can permit these companies to get better revenues and convey again staff. 


The Authorities additionally revealed that the comfort of social contact guidelines is ‘more likely to have a constructive affect on wellbeing as folks will have the ability to socialise and meet family and friends indoors for the primary time in a number of months’. 

‘Restrictions on social contact have had antagonistic psychological well being and wellbeing impacts’, the Authorities admitted.

SPORTS AND PERFORMANCE VENUES: Adjustments may even be made to sporting and efficiency occasions in indoor venues with a capability of 1,000 folks or half full, whichever is decrease, will probably be allowed, whereas outdoor a capability of 4,000 folks will probably be allowed or half full, whichever is decrease. 

Within the largest outside stadiums, as much as 10,000 followers will probably be allowed to attend matches or 1 / 4 of capability, whichever is decrease.  

WEDDINGS AND FUNERALS: Guidelines on weddings will probably be eased additional, with as much as 30 folks allowed to attend receptions in addition to different life occasions together with christenings. 

COVID PASSPORTS: A Authorities assessment on whether or not to introduce vaccine passports or ‘Covid Standing Certification’ paperwork is because of report earlier than Step 4. 

It would have a look at whether or not the paperwork, which might present if somebody has been examined or if they’ve had a jab, might assist to reopen the economic system and make life simpler.

MASKS AND SOCIAL DISTANCING: A assessment of social distancing measures can be as a consequence of conclude earlier than Step 4. 

It would have a look at points like working from dwelling, the carrying of face masks and the one metre plus rule and determine how lengthy such measures will should be retained.   

Step 4: ‘No sooner than’ June 21 

REMAINING RESTRICTIONS: That is the purpose at which the Authorities is hoping to elevate the entire remaining restrictions on social contact and to reopen sectors of the economic system which haven’t already returned and which couldn’t resume final summer season. 

For instance, that is when evening golf equipment may very well be allowed to totally reopen whereas restrictions on giant occasions and performances is also lifted. 

Mass-testing may very well be used to to cut back the danger of an infection at these settings.   

The Authorities may even decide on whether or not all restrictions will be eliminated on weddings and different life occasions. 


The Authorities has stated that measures could also be required even in any case adults have been provided a vaccine, as a result of neither protection nor effectiveness of the vaccine will probably be 100 per cent.

In consequence, a big proportion of the inhabitants will stay weak to an infection, a few of whom may even be weak to extreme illness and loss of life. 

That is mirrored within the modelling of various eventualities for unlocking restrictions, which exhibits that the danger of additional instances, hospitalisations and deaths stays after the grownup inhabitants has been vaccinated, although modellers advise there’s appreciable uncertainty in these figures. 

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